Class 10 Chemistry Chapter 11 Short Questions 2024

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Class 10 Chemistry Chapter 11 Notes

Post TopicShort Questions
Book CodeChemistry
Class9th Class
Chapter/FullChapter 11
BoardPunjab Board

Class 10 Chemistry Chapter 11 Important Short Questions Notes

  • Organic compounds are compounds of carbon and hydrogen and their derivatives.
  • Compounds made up of carbon and hydrogen are called hydrocarbons. They are alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes.
  • Organic compounds are molecular compounds having covalent bonding.
  • They form a homologous series of compounds, thus their properties resemble within a series.
  • Sources of organic compounds are animals, plants, coal, petroleum, and natural gas.
  • Dead plants buried under the Earth’s crust are converted into coal; petroleum and gas. Coal is a blackish solid material.
  • Coal is of four types, i.e peat, lignite, bituminous and anthracite.
  • Destructive distillation of coal produces; coal gas, ammonical liquor; coal tar, and coke.
  • Petroleum is a dark brownish or greenish black colored viscous liquid consisting of several compounds. These compounds are separated by fractional distillation.
  • Natural gas is a mixture of low molecular mass hydrocarbons. It is mainly used as fuel.
  • Living plants synthesize macromolecules (carbohydrates, proteins, fats, and vitamins).
  • Organic compounds can also be synthesized in laboratories ranging from the simplest compounds to complex ones.
  • Organic compounds have a wide range of uses. They are used as food, clothing, housing fuel, medicines and to prepare a variety of materials.
  • Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons, alkyl radicals are derivatives of alkanes which are represented by ‘R’.
  • An atom or a group of atoms that provide characteristic properties to an organic compound is called a functional group.
  • Depending upon the functional groups, organic compounds are classified as alcohols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, esters, amines, and alkyl halides.

Short Questions:

  • What is meant by the term catenation? Give an example of a compound that displays catenation.
  • How is coal formed?
  • What is the importance of natural gas?
  • Justify that organic compounds are used as food.
  • How are alkyl radicals formed? Explain with examples.
  • What is the difference between n-propyl and isopropyl radicals? Explain with structure.
  • Explain different radicals of butane.
  • Define functional groups with an example.
  • What is an ester group? Write down the formula of ethyl acetate.
  • Write down the dot and cross formulae of propane and n-butane.
  • Define structural formula. Draw the structural formulae of n-butane and isobutane.
  • Write the classification of coal.
  • What are heterocyclic compounds? Give two examples.
  • Why are benzene and other homologous compounds of benzene called aromatic compounds?
Chemistry Questions
Chemistry Chapter 11 Short Questions

The topic of this post is Class 10 Chemistry Chapter 11 Notes Important Short Questions and We add this post to the 10th Chemistry Notes category where students can easily find the Short Questions type study solutions and much more that students need to be related to the Class 10 Chemistry Book.

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